This article deals with the functioning of the sector of Islamic goods and services in Dagestan’s urban space and the popular practices of consumption. It describes and analyzes various aspects of Islamic business, including the operation of the halal market, the women’s clothing sector, and advertising strategies. Special attention is given to the issue of the hijab, its symbolic meaning, and its role in women’s social life. The problem of Islamic consumption is viewed through the prism of the commodification of Islam, which affects both religious practices and the local economy. An intensive appeal to Islam in the city’s social and economic space is not so much a sign of Islamic radicalization as it is a choice of cultural references in the society and a quest for new behavioral patterns. The emergence of new consumer attitudes forces Dagestani society to face a problem of choice between European standards and a new identity — belonging to global Islamic civilization. The article draws upon the author’s field materials from 2011 to 2015.